FORESTRY LEARNING OBJECTIVES
For successful completion of the forestry section, contestants should
be able to:
- Understand tree growth, parts and tissues of a tree, and the life cycle of a tree.
- Identify common tree species from bark, leave or seed without a key, and identify unusual trees and shrubs through the use of a key.
- Know the typical forest structure: canopy, understory and ground layers and crown classes and the common species that are found in each layer.
- Understand forest ecology concepts and factors affecting them, including tree communities, regeneration, competition, and primary and secondary succession.
- Identify the abiotic and biotic factors in a forest ecosystem, and understand how these factors affect tree growth and forest development including the relationship between soil and forest types. Consider factors such as climate, insects, microorganisms, and wildlife.
- Be familiar with and able to identify common and invasive tree pests and diseases. Be able to identify associated control methods.
- Understand silvicultural terms, and be able to explain the uses of the following techniques: thinning, single tree and group tree selection, shelterwood, clearcutting, and seed tree management and high grading.
- Explain the following silviculture systems: clear-cutting , seed tree method, evenaged management, unevenaged management, shelterwood and selection.
- Know how to use forestry tools and equipment in order to measure tree diameter, height and basal area. Know how to use and read a Biltmore stick, grade scale and log chart.
- Understand how forest health and management affect biodiversity, global warming, and forest fragmentation.
- Understand how economic, social and ecological factors influence forest management decisions.
- Understand the importance and value of trees in urban and community settings, and know the factors affecting their health and survival.
- Understand the economic value of forests and know many of the products they provide to people and society.
- Understand why trees and forests are important to human health, recreation, wildlife, and watershed quality.
2014 New York State Envirothon
May 21 & 22, 2014
Morrisville State College
New York State Envirothon
Links and references to more information on the study of forestry
Learn about terms relating to the study of forestry
Basic outline for forestry topics covered at this event
Learning goals for participating students